Types of IP

Intellectual property (IP) is any form of original creation that can be bought or sold - from music to machinery. There are four main types of IP. These are; patents, trade marks, designs and copyright. Business Guardianship focuses mainly on trade marks and copyrighting.

Trade mark:

A trade mark is a sign which can distinguish your goods and services from those of your competitors. You could refer to your trade mark as your brand. It can be for example words, logos or a combination of both.

A brand can be defined as, a 'promise of an experience' and conveys to consumers a certain assurance as to the nature of the product or service they will receive. Intellectual property rights provide legal protection for some of the most important aspects of a brand.


Copyright applies to anything created or composed. This means that you must not reproduce copyright protected work in another medium without permission of the copyright owner. This includes, making a sound recording of a book, a painting of a photograph, publishing photographs on the internet etc.

Copyright protects:

  • Literary works, including novels, instruction manuals, computer programs, song lyrics, newspaper articles and some types of database
  • Dramatic works, including dance or mime
  • Musical works
  • Artistic works, including paintings, engravings, photographs, sculptures, collages, architecture, technical drawings, diagrams, maps and logos
  • Layouts or typographical arrangements used to publish a work, for a book for instance
  • Recordings of a work, including sound and film
  • Broadcasts of a work



Company Registration Number - 09173077